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    考核目标与要求


    一、语言知识


    要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录 1 至附录 5),要求词汇量为 3500 左右。


    二、语言运用


    1 .听力


    要求考生能听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能:


    (1)理解主旨要义;


    (2)获取具体的、事实性信息;


    (3)对所听内容做出推断;


    (4)理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。


    2 .阅读


    要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,


    并能从中获取相关信息。考生应能:


    (1)理解主旨要义;


    (2)理解文中具体信息;


    (3)根据上下文推断单词和短语的含义;


    (4)做出判断和推理;


    (5)理解文章的基本结构;


    (6)理解作者的意图、观点和态度。


    3 .写作


    要求考生根据提示进行书面表达。考生应能:


    (1)清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思;


    (2)有效运用所学语言知识。


    4 .口语


    要求考生根据提示进行口头表达。考生应能:


    (1)询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;


    (2)做到语音、语调自然;


    (3)做到语言运用得体;


    (4)使用有效的交际策略。


    附录 1  语音项目表


    1. 基本读音


    (1) 26 个字母的读音


    (2) 元音字母在重读音节中的读音


    (3) 元音字母在轻读音节中的读音


    (4) 元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音


    (5) 常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音


    (6) 辅音字母组合的读音


    (7) 辅音连缀的读音


    (8) 成节音的读音


    2. 重音


    (1) 单词重音


    (2) 句子重音


    3. 读音的变化


    (1) 连读


    (2) 失去爆破


    (3) 弱读


    (4) 同化


    4. 语调与节奏


    (1) 意群与停顿


    (2) 语调


    (3) 节奏


    5. 语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用


    6. 朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧


    7. 主要英语国家的英语语音差异


    附录 2  语法项目表


    1. 名词


    (1) 可数名词及其单复数


    (2) 不可数名词


    (3) 专有名词


    (4) 名词所有格


    2. 代词


    (1) 人称代词


    (2) 物主代词


    (3) 反身代词


    (4) 指示代词


    (5) 不定代词


    (6) 疑问代词


    3. 数词


    (1) 基数词


    (2) 序数词


    4. 介词和介词短语


    5. 连词


    6. 形容词(比较级和最高级)


    7. 副词(比较级和最高级)


    8. 冠词


    9. 动词


    (1) 动词的基本形式


    (2) 系动词


    (3) 及物动词和不及物动词


    (4) 助动词


    (5) 情态动词


    10. 时态


    (1) 一般现在时


    (2) 一般过去时


    (3) 一般将来时


    (4) 现在进行时


    (5) 过去进行时


    (6) 过去将来时


    (7) 将来进行时


    (8) 现在完成时


    (9) 过去完成时


    (10) 现在完成进行时


    11. 被动语态


    12. 非谓语动词


    (1) 动词不定式


    (2) 动词的-ing 形式


    (3) 动词的-ed 形式


    13. 构词法


    (1) 合成法


    (2) 派生法


    (3) 转化法


    (4) 缩写和简写


    14. 句子种类


    (1) 陈述句


    (2) 疑问句


    (3) 祈使句


    (4) 感叹句


    15. 句子成分


    (1) 主语


    (2) 谓语


    (3) 表语


    (4) 宾语


    (5) 定语


    (6) 状语


    (7) 补语


    16. 简单句的基本句型


    17. 主谓一致


    18. 并列复合句


    19. 主从复合句


    (1) 宾语从句


    (2) 状语从句


    (3) 定语从句


    (4) 主语从句


    (5) 表语从句


    20. 间接引语


    21. 省略


    22. 倒装


    23. 强调


    24. 虚拟语气


    附录 3  功能意念项目表


    1. 社会交往 (Social Communications)


    (1) 问候 (Greetings)


    (2) 介绍 (Introduction)


    (3) 告别 (Farewells )


    (4) 感谢 (Thanks )


    (5) 道歉 (Apologies)


    (6) 邀请 (Invitation)


    (7) 请求允许 (Asking for permission)


    (8) 祝愿和祝贺 (Expressing wishes and congratulations)


    (9) 提供帮助 (Offering help)


    (10) 接受和拒绝 (Acceptance and refusal)


    (11) 约会 (Making appointments)


    (12) 打电话 (Making telephone calls)


    (13) 就餐 (Having meals)


    (14) 就医 (Seeing the doctor)


    (15) 购物 (Shopping)


    (16) 问路 (Asking the way)


    (17) 谈论天气 (Talking about weather)


    (18) 语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication)


    (19) 提醒注意 (Reminding)


    (20) 警告和禁止 (Warning and prohibition)


    (21) 劝告 (Advice)


    (22) 建议 (Suggestions)


    2. 态度 (Attitudes)


    (23) 同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement)


    (24) 喜欢和不喜欢 (Likes and dislikes)


    (25) 肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty)


    (26) 可能和不可能 (Possibility and impossibility)


    (27) 能够和不能够 (Ability and inability)


    (28) 偏爱和优先选择 (Preference)


    (29) 意愿和打算 (Intentions and plans)


    (30) 希望和愿望 (Hopes and wishes)


    (31) 表扬和鼓励 (Praise and encouragement)


    (32) 责备和抱怨 (Blame and complaint)


    (33) 冷淡 (Indifference)


    (34) 判断与评价 (Judgement and evaluation)


    3. 情感 (Emotions)


    (35) 高兴 (Happiness)


    (36) 惊奇 (Surprise)


    (37) 忧虑 (Worries)


    (38) 安慰 (Reassurance)


    (39) 满意 (Satisfaction)


    (40) 遗憾 (Regret)


    (41) 同情 (Sympathy)


    (42) 恐惧 (Fear)


    (43) 愤怒 (Anger)


    4. 时间 (Time)


    (44) 时刻 (Point of time)


    (45) 时段 (Duration)


    (46) 频度 (Frequency)


    (47) 时序 (Sequence)


    5. 空间 (Space)


    (48) 位置 (Position)


    (49) 方向 (Direction)


    (50) 距离 (Distance)


    6. 存在 (Existence)


    (51) 存在与不存在 (Existence and Non-existence)


    7. 特征 (Features)


    (52) 形状 (Shape)


    (53) 颜色 (Colour)


    (54) 材料 (Material)


    (55) 价格 (Price)


    (56) 规格 (Size)


    (57) 年龄 (Age)


    8. 计量 (Measurement)


    (58) 长度 (Length)


    (59) 宽度 (Width)


    (60) 高度 (Height)


    (61) 数量 (Number)


    9. 比较 (Comparison)


    (62) 同级比较 (Equal comparison)


    (63) 差别比较 (Comparative and superlative)


    (64) 相似和差别 (Similarity and difference)


    10. 逻辑关系 (Logical relations)


    (65) 原因和结果 (Cause and effect)


    (66) 目的 (Purpose)


    11. 职业 (Occupations)


    (67) 工作 (Jobs)


    (68) 单位 (Employer)


    附录 4  话题项目表


    1. 个人情况 (Personal information)


    2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around)


    3. 周围的环境 (Personal environments)


    4. 日常活动 (Daily routines)


    5. 学校生活 (School life)


    6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies)


    7. 个人感情 (Emotions)


    8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships)


    9. 计划与愿望 (Plans and intentions)


    10. 节假日活动 (Festivals, holidays and celebrations)


    11. 购物 (Shopping)


    12. 饮食 (Food and drink)


    13. 健康 (Health)


    14. 天气 (Weather)


    15. 文娱与体育 (Entertainment and sports)


    16. 旅游和交通 (Travel and transport)


    17. 语言学习 (Language learning)


    18. 自然 (Nature)


    19. 世界与环境 (The world and the environment)


    20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology)


    21. 热点话题 (Topical issues)


    22. 历史与地理 (History and geography)


    23. 社会 (Society)


    24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art)


    附录 5  词汇表


    A


    a(an) art


    abandon v


    ability n


    able a


    abnormal a


    aboard prep


    abolish v


    abortion n


    about ad & prep


    above prep,a & ad


    abroad ad


    abrupt a


    absence n


    absent a


    absolute a


    absorb v


    abstract a & n


    absurd a


    abundant a


    abuse v


    academic a & n


    academy n


    accelerate v


    accent n


    accept v


    access n & v


    accessible a


    accident n


    accommodation n


    accompany v


    accomplish v


    account n


    accountant n


    accumulate v


    accuracy n


    accurate a


    accuse v


    accustomed a


    ache v & n


    achieve v


    achievement n


    acid a


    acknowledge v


    acquaintance n


    acquire v


    acquisition n


    acre n


    across prep


    act n & v


    action n


    active a


    activity n


    actor n


    actress n


    actual a


    acute a


    AD abbr


    ad=advertisement n


    adapt v


    adaptation n


    add v


    addicted a


    addition n


    address n


    adequate a


    adjust v


    adjustment n


    administration n


    admirable a


    admire v


    admission n


    admit v


    adolescence n


    adolescent a & n


    adopt v


    adore v


    adult n


    advance v & n


    advantage n


    adventure n


    advertise v


    advertisement n


    advice n


    advise v


    advocate v


    affair n


    affect v


    affection n


    afford v


    afraid a


    Africa n


    African a & n


    after ad,prep & conj


    afternoon n


    afterward(s) ad


    again ad


    against prep


    age n


    agency n


    agenda n


    agent n


    aggressive a


    ago ad


    agree v


    agreement n


    agricultural a


    agriculture n


    ahead ad


    aid n & v


    AIDS n


    aim n & v


    air n


    aircraft n


    airline n


    airmail n


    airplane n


    airport n


    airspace n


    alarm n & v


    album n


    alcohol n


    alcoholic a & n


    algebra n


    alike ad


    alive a


    all ad,a & pron


    allergic a


    alley n


    allocate v


    allow v


    allowance n


    almost ad


    alone a


    along ad & prep


    alongside ad


    aloud ad


    alphabet n


    already ad


    also ad


    alternative a


    although conj


    altitude n


    altogether ad


    aluminium


    (Am aluminum) n


    always ad


    am v(be)


    a.m./am,A.M./AM abbr


    amateur a


    amaze v


    amazing a


    ambassador n


    ambassadress n


    ambiguous a


    ambition n


    ambulance n


    America n


    among prep


    amount n & v


    ample a


    amuse v


    amusement n


    analyse v


    analysis n


    ancestor n


    anchor v & n


    ancient a


    and conj


    anecdote n


    anger n


    angle n


    angry a


    animal n


    ankle n


    anniversary n


    announce v


    annoy v


    annual a


    another a & pron


    answer n & v


    ant n


    Antarctic a


    antique n


    anxiety n


    anxious a


    any pron & a


    anybody pron


    anyhow ad


    anyone pron


    anything pron


    anyway ad


    anywhere ad


    apart ad & a


    apartment n


    apologize v


    apology n


    apparent a


    appeal v & n


    appear v


    appearance n


    appendix n


    appetite n


    applaud v & n


    apple n


    applicant n


    application n


    apply v


    appoint v


    appointment n


    appreciate v


    appreciation n


    approach n & v


    appropriate a


    approval n


    approve v


    approximately ad


    apron n


    arbitrary a


    arch n


    architect n


    architecture n


    Arctic a


    are v(be)


    area n


    argue v


    argument n


    arise(arose,arisen) v


    arithmetic n


    arm n & v


    armchair n


    army n


    around ad & prep


    arrange v


    arrangement n


    arrest v


    arrival n


    arrive v


    arrow n


    art n


    article n


    artificial a


    artist n


    as ad,conj & prep


    ash n


    ashamed a


    Asia n


    Asian a & n


    aside ad


    ask v


    asleep a


    aspect n


    assess v


    assessment n


    assist v


    assistance n


    assistant n


    associate v


    association n


    assume v


    assumption n


    astonish v


    astronaut n


    astronomer n


    astronomy n


    at prep


    athlete n


    athletic a


    Atlantic a


    atmosphere n


    atom n


    attach v


    attack v & n


    attain v


    attempt v & n


    attend v


    attention n


    attitude n


    attract v


    attraction n


    attractive a


    audience n


    aunt n


    authentic a


    author n


    authority n


    automatic a


    autonomous a


    autumn n


    available a


    avenue n


    average a & n


    avoid v


    awake(awoke,awoken) v & a


    award n


    aware a


    away ad


    awesome a


    awful a


    awkward a


    B


    baby n


    bachelor n


    back ad,a & n


    background n


    backward(s) ad


    bacon n


    bacterium(pl bacteria) n


    bad(worse,worst) a


    badminton n


    bag n


    baggage n


    bakery n


    balance n


    balcony n


    ball n


    ballet n


    balloon n


    bamboo n


    ban n & v


    banana n


    band n


    bandage n


    bank n


    bar n


    barbecue n


    barber n


    barbershop n


    bare a


    bargain n & v


    bark v & n


    barrier n


    base n


    baseball n


    basement n


    basic a


    basin n


    basis n


    basket n


    basketball n


    bat n


    bath n


    bathe v


    bathroom n


    bathtub n


    battery n


    battle n


    bay n


    BC abbr


    be(am,is,are,was,


    were,being,been) v


    beach n


    bean n


    bean curd n


    bear 1 n


    bear 2 v


    beard n


    beast n


    beat(beat,beaten) v & n


    beautiful a


    beauty n


    because conj


    become(became,become) v


    bed n


    beddings n


    bedroom n


    bee n


    beef n


    beer n


    before prep,ad&conj


    beg v


    begin(began,begun) v


    behalf n


    behave v


    behaviour(Am behavior) n


    behind prep & ad


    being n


    belief n


    believe v


    bell n


    belly n


    belong v


    below prep


    belt n


    bench n


    bend(bent,bent) v


    beneath prep


    beneficial a


    benefit n & v


    bent a & n


    beside prep


    besides prep & ad


    betray v


    between prep


    beyond prep


    bicycle n


    bid v & n


    big a


    bike=bicycle n


    bill n


    bingo n


    biochemistry n


    biography n


    biology n


    bird n


    birth n


    birthday n


    birthplace n


    biscuit n


    bishop n


    bit n


    bite(bit,bitten) v


    bitter a


    black a & n


    blackboard n


    blame n & v


    blank n & a


    blanket n


    bleed v


    bless v


    blind a


    block n & v


    blood n


    blouse n


    blow(blew,blown) v


    blue n & a


    board n & v


    boat n


    body n


    boil v


    bomb n & v


    bond n & v


    bone n


    bonus n


    book n & v


    boom n & v


    boot n


    booth n


    border n


    bored a


    boring a


    born a


    borrow v


    boss n


    botanical a


    botany n


    both a & pron


    bother v


    bottle n


    bottom n


    bounce v


    bound a


    boundary n


    bow v & n


    bowl n


    bowling n


    box n


    boxing n


    boy n


    boycott v


    brain n


    brake n & v


    branch n


    brand n


    brave a


    bravery n


    bread n


    break(broke,broken) v & n


    breakfast n


    breakthrough n


    breast n


    breath n


    breathe v


    breathless a


    brewery n


    brick n


    bride n


    bridegroom n


    bridge n


    brief a


    bright a


    brilliant a


    bring(brought,brought) v


    broad a


    broadcast(broadcast,


    broadcast 或-ed,-ed) v


    brochure n


    broken a


    broom n


    brother n


    brown n & a


    brunch n


    brush v & n


    Buddhism n


    budget n


    buffet n


    build(built,built) v


    building n


    bunch n


    bungalow n


    burden n


    bureaucratic a


    burglar n


    burn(burnt,burnt


    或-ed,-ed) v & n


    burst v


    bury v


    bus n


    bush n


    business n


    businessman/woman


    (pl businessmen/ women) n


    busy a


    but conj & prep


    butcher n & v


    butter n


    butterfly n


    button n & v


    buy(bought,bought) v


    by prep


    bye int


    C


    cab n


    cabbage n


    cafe n


    cafeteria n


    cage n


    cake n


    calculate v


    call n & v


    calm a & v


    camel n


    camera n


    camp n & v


    campaign n


    can 1 (could);


    can’t=cannot modal v


    can 2 n


    canal n


    cancel v


    cancer n


    candidate n


    candle n


    candy n


    canteen n


    cap n


    capital n


    capsule n


    captain n


    caption n


    car n


    carbon n


    card n


    care n & v


    careful a


    careless a


    carpenter n


    carpet n


    carriage n


    carrier n


    carrot n


    carry v


    cartoon n


    carve v


    case n


    cash n & v


    cassette n


    cast(cast,cast) v


    castle n


    casual a


    cat n


    catalogue n


    catastrophe n


    catch(caught,caught) v


    category n


    cater v


    Catholic a


    cattle n


    cause n & v


    caution n


    cautious a


    cave n


    CD=compact disk n


    ceiling n


    celebrate v


    celebration n


    cell n


    cent n


    centigrade a


    centimetre


    (Am centimeter) n


    central a


    centre(Am center) n


    century n


    ceremony n


    certain a


    certificate n


    chain n


    chair n


    chairman/woman


    (pl chairmen/women) n


    chalk n


    challenge n


    challenging a


    champion n


    chance n


    change n & v


    changeable a


    channel n


    chant v & n


    chaos n


    chapter n


    character n


    characteristic a & n


    charge v & n


    chart n


    chat n & v


    cheap a


    cheat n & v


    check n & v


    cheek n


    cheer n & v


    cheerful a


    cheers int


    cheese n


    chef n


    chemical a & n


    chemist n


    chemistry n


    cheque(Am check) n


    chess n


    chest n


    chew v


    chicken n


    chief a & n


    child(pl children) n


    childhood n


    chocolate n


    choice n


    choir n


    choke n & v


    choose(chose,chosen) v


    chopsticks n


    chorus n


    Christian n


    Christmas n


    church n


    cigar n


    cigarette n


    cinema n


    circle n & v


    circuit n


    circulate v


    circumstance n


    circus n


    citizen n


    city n


    civil a


    civilian n


    civilization n


    clap v


    clarify v


    class n


    classic a


    classify v


    classmate n


    classroom n


    claw n


    clay n


    clean v & a


    cleaner n


    clear a


    clerk n


    clever a


    click v


    climate n


    climb v


    clinic n


    clock n


    clone v


    close a & ad


    cloth n


    clothes n


    clothing n


    cloud n


    cloudy a


    club n


    clumsy a


    coach n


    coal n


    coast n


    coat n


    cocoa n


    coffee n


    coin n


    coincidence n


    coke n


    cold a & n


    collar n


    colleague n


    collect v


    collection n


    college n


    collision n


    colour(Am color) n & v


    comb n & v


    combine v


    come(came,come) v


    comedy n


    comfort n


    comfortable a


    command n & v


    comment n


    commercial a


    commit v


    commitment n


    committee n


    common a


    communicate v


    communication n


    communism n


    communist n & a


    companion n


    company n


    compare v


    compass n


    compensate v


    compete v


    competence n


    competition n


    complete a & v


    complex a & n


    component n


    composition n


    comprehension n


    compromise v


    compulsory a


    computer n


    concentrate v


    concept n


    concern v & n


    concert n


    conclude v


    conclusion n


    concrete a


    condemn v


    condition n


    conduct v


    conductor n


    conference n


    confident a


    confidential a


    confirm v


    conflict n


    confuse v


    congratulate v


    congratulation n


    connect v


    connection n


    conscience n


    consensus n


    consequence n


    conservation n


    conservative a


    consider v


    considerate a


    consideration n


    consist v


    consistent a


    constant a


    constitution n


    construct v


    construction n


    consult v


    consultant n


    consume v


    contain v


    container n


    contemporary a


    content 1 n


    content 2 a


    continent n


    continue v


    contradict v


    contradictory a


    contrary n & a


    contribute v


    contribution n


    control v & n


    controversial a


    convenience n


    convenient a


    conventional a


    conversation n


    convey v


    convince v


    cook n & v


    cooker n


    cookie n


    cool a


    copy n & v


    corn n


    corner n


    corporation n


    correct v & a


    correction n


    correspond v


    corrupt a & v


    cost n & v


    cosy(Am cozy) a


    cottage n


    cotton n & a


    cough n & v


    could modal v


    count v


    counter n


    country n


    countryside n


    couple n


    courage n


    course n


    court n


    courtyard n


    cousin n


    cover n & v


    cow n


    crash v & n


    crayon n


    crazy a


    cream n


    create v


    creature n


    credit n


    crew n


    crime n


    criminal n


    criterion(pl criteria) n


    crop n


    cross n & v


    crossing n


    crossroads n


    crowd n & v


    cruel a


    cry n & v


    cube n


    cubic a


    cuisine n


    culture n


    cup n


    cupboard n


    cure n & v


    curious a


    currency n


    curriculum n


    curtain n


    cushion n


    custom n


    customer n


    customs n


    cut(cut,cut) v & n


    cycle v


    cyclist n


    D


    dad=daddy n


    daily a,ad & n


    dam n


    damage n & v


    damp a & n


    dance n & v


    danger n


    dangerous a


    dare v & modal v


    dark a & n


    darkness n


    dash v & n


    data n


    database n


    date n & v


    daughter n


    dawn n


    day n


    dead a


    deadline n


    deaf a


    deal n


    dear a


    death n


    debate n & v


    debt n


    decade n


    decide v


    decision n


    declare v


    decline v


    decorate v


    decoration n


    decrease v


    deed n


    deep a & ad


    deer n


    defeat v


    defence(Am defense) n


    defend v


    degree n


    delay n & v


    delete v & n


    deliberately ad


    delicate a


    delicious a


    delight n


    delighted a


    deliver v


    demand v


    dentist n


    department(Dept.) n


    departure n


    depend v


    deposit v & n


    depth n


    describe v


    description n


    desert v & n


    deserve v


    design v & n


    desire v & n


    desk n


    desperate a


    dessert n


    destination n


    destroy v


    detective n


    determine v


    develop v


    development n


    devote v


    devotion n


    diagram n


    dial v


    dialogue(Am dialog) n


    diamond n


    diary n


    dictation n


    dictionary n


    die v


    diet n


    differ v


    difference n


    different a


    difficult a


    difficulty n


    dig(dug,dug) v


    digest v


    digital a


    dignity n


    dilemma n


    dimension n


    dinner n


    dinosaur n


    dioxide n


    dip v


    diploma n


    direct a & v


    direction n


    director n


    directory n


    dirty a


    disability n


    disabled a


    disadvantage n


    disagree v


    disagreement n


    disappear v


    disappoint v


    disappointed a


    disaster n


    discount n


    discourage v


    discover v


    discovery n


    discrimination n


    discuss v


    discussion n


    disease n


    disgusting a


    dish n


    disk=disc n


    dislike v


    dismiss v


    distance n


    distant a


    distinction n


    distinguish v


    distribute v


    district n


    disturb v


    disturbing a


    dive v


    diverse a


    divide v


    division n


    divorce v


    dizzy a


    do(did,done) v


    doctor n


    document n


    dog n


    doll n


    dollar n


    donate v


    door n


    dormitory(dorm) n


    dot n


    double a & n


    doubt n & v


    down prep & ad


    download n & v


    downstairs ad


    downtown ad,n & a


    dozen n


    Dr=doctor n


    draft n & v


    drag v


    draw(drew,drawn) v


    drawback n


    drawer n


    dream(dreamt,dreamt


    或-ed,-ed) n & v


    dress n & v


    drill n & v


    drink(drank,drunk) v


    drive(drove,driven) v


    driver n


    drop n & v


    drug n


    drum n


    drunk a


    dry v & a


    duck n


    due a


    dull a


    dumpling n


    during prep


    dusk n


    dust n


    dustbin n


    dusty a


    duty n


    DVD=digital versatile disk n


    dynamic a


    dynasty n


    E


    each a & pron


    eager a


    eagle n


    ear n


    early a & ad


    earn v


    earth n


    earthquake n


    east a,ad & n


    Easter n


    eastern a


    easy a


    eat(ate,eaten) v


    ecology n


    edge n


    edition n


    editor n


    educate v


    education n


    educator n


    effect n


    effort n


    egg n


    eggplant n


    either a,conj & ad


    elder n


    elect v


    electric a


    electrical a


    electricity n


    electronic a


    elegant a


    elephant n


    else ad


    e-mail n & v


    embarrass v


    embassy n


    emergency n


    emperor n


    employ v


    empty a


    encourage v


    encouragement n


    end n & v


    ending n


    endless a


    enemy n


    energetic a


    energy n


    engine n


    engineer n


    enjoy v


    enjoyable a


    enlarge v


    enough pron,a & ad


    enquiry n


    enter v


    enterprise n


    entertainment n


    enthusiastic a


    entire a


    entrance n


    entry n


    envelope n


    environment n


    envy v & n


    equal a & v


    equality n


    equip v


    equipment n


    eraser n


    error n


    erupt v


    escape n & v


    especially ad


    essay n


    Europe n


    European a & n


    evaluate v


    even ad


    evening n


    event n


    eventually ad


    ever ad


    every a


    everybody pron


    everyday a


    everyone pron


    everything pron


    everywhere ad


    evidence n


    evident a


    evolution n


    exact a


    exam=examination n


    examine v


    example n


    excellent a


    except prep


    exchange n & v


    excite v


    excuse n & v


    exercise n & v


    exhibition n


    exist v


    existence n


    exit n


    expand v


    expect v


    expectation n


    expense n


    expensive a


    experience n


    experiment n


    expert n


    explain v


    explanation n


    explicit a


    explode v


    explore v


    export n & v


    expose v


    express v & n


    expression n


    extension n


    extra a


    extraordinary a


    extreme a


    eye n


    eyesight n


    F


    face n & v


    facial a


    fact n


    factory n


    fade v


    fail v & n


    failure n


    fair 1 a


    fair 2 n


    faith n


    fall 1 (fell,fallen) v


    fall 2 (Am)=autumn n


    false a


    familiar a


    family n


    famous a


    fan n


    fancy n,v & a


    fantastic a


    fantasy n


    far(farther,farthest


    或 further,furthest) a & ad


    fare n


    farm n


    farmer n


    fast a & ad


    fasten v


    fat n & a


    father n


    fault n


    favour(Am favor) n


    favourite(Am favorite) a & n


    fax n & v


    fear n


    feast n


    feather n


    federal a


    fee n


    feed(fed,fed) v


    feel(felt,felt) v


    feeling n


    fellow n


    female a & n


    fence n


    ferry n


    festival n & a


    fetch v


    fever n


    few pron & a


    fibre(Am fiber) n


    fiction n


    field n


    fierce a


    fight(fought,fought) n & v


    figure n & v


    file n


    fill v


    film n & v


    final a


    finance n


    find(found,found) v


    fine 1 a


    fine 2 v


    finger n


    fingernail n


    finish v & n


    fire n & v


    fireworks n


    firm 1 n


    firm 2 a


    fish n & v


    fisherman n


    fist n


    fit a & v


    fix v


    flag n


    flame n


    flash n


    flashlight n


    flat 1 a


    flat 2 n


    flee(fled,fled) v


    flesh n


    flexible a


    flight n


    float v


    flood n & v


    floor n


    flour n


    flow v


    flower n


    flu n


    fluency n


    fluent a


    fly 1 (flew,flown) v


    fly 2 n


    focus v & n


    fog n


    foggy a


    fold v


    folk n & a


    follow v


    fond a


    food n


    fool n & v


    foolish a


    foot(pl feet) n


    football n


    for prep & conj


    forbid(forbade,forbidden) v


    force v


    forecast n & v


    forehead n


    foreign a


    foreigner n


    foresee(foresaw,foreseen) v


    forest n


    forever ad


    forget(forgot,forgot/forgotten) v


    forgetful a


    forgive(forgave,forgiven) v


    fork n


    form n & v


    format n


    former a


    fortnight n


    fortunate a


    fortune n


    forward ad


    foster v


    found v


    fountain n


    fox n


    fragile a


    fragrant a


    framework n


    franc n


    free a


    freedom n


    freeway n


    freeze(froze,frozen) v


    freezing a


    frequent a


    fresh a


    friction n


    fridge=refrigerator n


    friend n


    friendly a


    friendship n


    frighten v


    frog n


    from prep


    front a & n


    frontier n


    frost n


    fruit n


    fry v


    fuel n


    full a


    fun n & a


    function n & v


    fundamental a


    funeral n


    funny a


    fur n


    furnished a


    furniture n


    future n


    G


    gain v


    gallery n


    gallon n


    33


    game n


    garage n


    garbage n


    garden n


    garlic n


    garment n


    gas n


    gate n


    gather v


    gay a


    general a & n


    generation n


    generous a


    gentle a


    gentleman n


    geography n


    geometry n


    gesture n


    get(got,got) v


    gift n


    gifted a


    giraffe n


    girl n


    give(gave,given) v


    glad a


    glance v


    glare v


    glass n


    globe n


    glory n


    glove n


    glue n


    go(went,gone) v


    goal n


    goat n


    god n


    gold n & a


    golden a


    golf n


    good(better,best) a


    goods n


    goose(pl geese) n


    govern v


    government n


    grade n


    gradual a


    graduate v


    graduation n


    grain n


    gram n


    grammar n


    grand a


    grandchild n


    granddaughter n


    grandma=grandmother n


    grandpa=grandfather n


    grandparents n


    grandson n


    granny n


    grape n


    graph n


    grasp v


    34


    grass n


    grateful a


    gravity n


    great a & ad


    greedy a


    green a & n


    greengrocer n


    greet v


    greeting n


    grey(Am gray) a


    grill n


    grocer n


    grocery n


    ground n


    group n


    grow(grew,grown) v


    growth n


    guarantee v


    guard n


    guess v


    guest n


    guidance n


    guide n


    guilty a


    guitar n


    gun n


    gym=gymnasium n


    gymnastics n


    H


    habit n


    hair n


    haircut n


    half a & n


    hall n


    ham n


    hamburger n


    hammer n


    hand n & v


    handbag n


    handful n


    handkerchief n


    handle n & v


    handsome a


    handwriting n


    handy a


    hang(hung,hung 或-ed,-ed) v


    happen v


    happiness n


    happy a


    harbour(Am harbor) n


    hard ad & a


    hardly ad


    hardship n


    hardworking a


    harm n & v


    harmful a


    harmony n


    harvest n & v


    hat n


    hatch v


    hate v & n


    35


    have(has,had,had) v


    he pron


    head n & v


    headache n


    headline n


    headmaster n


    headmistress n


    health n


    healthy a


    hear(heard,heard) v


    hearing n


    heart n


    heat n


    heaven n


    heavy a


    heel n


    height n


    helicopter n


    hello int


    helmet n


    help n & v


    helpful a


    hen n


    her pron


    herb n


    here ad


    hero n


    hers pron


    herself pron


    hesitate v


    hi int


    hide(hid,hidden) v


    high a & ad


    highway n


    hill n


    him pron


    himself pron


    hire v


    his pron


    history n


    hit(hit,hit) v & n


    hobby n


    hold(held,held) v


    hole n


    holiday n


    holy a


    home n & ad


    homeland n


    hometown n


    homework n


    honest a


    honey n


    honour(Am honor) n & v


    hook n & v


    hope n & v


    hopeful a


    hopeless a


    horrible a


    horse n


    hospital n


    host n & v


    hostess n


    36


    hot a


    hotdog n


    hotel n


    hour n


    house n


    housewife n


    housework n


    how ad


    however ad & conj


    howl v


    hug v


    huge a


    human a & n


    human being n


    humorous a


    humour(Am humor) n


    hunger n


    hungry a


    hunt v


    hunter n


    hurricane n


    hurry v


    hurt(hurt,hurt) v


    husband n


    hydrogen n


    I


    I pron


    ice n


    ice-cream n


    idea n


    identity n


    identification n


    idiom n


    if conj


    ignore v


    ill a


    illegal a


    illness n


    imagine v


    immediately ad


    immigration n


    import v & n


    importance n


    important a


    impossible a


    impress v


    impression n


    improve v


    in prep & ad


    inch n


    incident n


    include v


    income n


    increase v & n


    indeed a


    independence n


    independent a


    indicate v


    industry n


    influence n & v


    inform v


    information n


    initial a


    injure v


    injury n


    ink n


    inn n


    innocent a


    insect n


    insert v


    inside prep & ad


    insist v


    inspect v


    inspire v


    instant a


    instead ad


    institute n


    institution n


    instruct v


    instruction n


    instrument n


    insurance n


    insure v


    intelligence n


    intend v


    intention n


    interest n


    interesting a


    international a


    Internet n


    interpreter n


    interrupt v


    interval n


    interview n & v


    into prep


    introduce v


    introduction n


    invent v


    invention n


    invitation n


    invite v


    iron n & v


    irrigation n


    is v(be)


    island n


    it pron


    its pron


    itself pron


    J


    jacket n


    jam n


    jar n


    jaw n


    jazz n


    jeans n


    jeep n


    jet n


    jewellery(Am jewelry) n


    job n


    jog v


    join v


    joke n


    journalist n


    journey n


    joy n


    judge n & v


    judgement


    (Am judgment) n


    juice n


    jump n & v


    jungle n


    junior a


    just a & ad


    justice n


    K


    kangaroo n


    keep(kept,kept) v


    kettle n


    key n


    keyboard n


    kick v & n


    kid n


    kill v


    kilo n


    kilogram n


    kilometre(Am kilometer) n


    kind 1 n


    kind 2 a


    kindergarten n


    kindness n


    king n


    kingdom n


    kiss n & v


    kitchen n


    kite n


    knee n


    knife(pl knives) n


    knock n & v


    know(knew,known) v


    knowledge n


    L


    lab=laboratory n


    labour(Am labor) n


    lack n & v


    lady n


    lake n


    lamb n


    lame a


    lamp n


    land n & v


    language n


    lantern n


    lap n


    large a


    last a & v


    late a & ad


    latter n


    laugh n & v


    laughter n


    laundry n


    law n


    lawyer n


    lay(laid,laid) v


    lazy a


    lead(led,led) v & n


    leader n


    leaf(pl leaves) n


    league n


    leak v


    learn(learnt,learnt


    或-ed,-ed) v


    least n


    leather n


    leave(left,left) v


    lecture n


    left a,ad & n


    leg n


    legal a


    lemon n & a


    lemonade n


    lend(lent,lent) v


    length n


    lesson n


    let(let,let) v


    letter n


    level n


    liberation n


    liberty n


    librarian n


    library n


    license n


    lid n


    lie 1 n & v


    lie 2 (lay,lain) v


    life(pl lives) n


    lift v & n


    light n,v & a


    lightning n


    like v & prep


    likely a


    limit v


    line n & v


    link v & n


    lion n


    lip n


    liquid n & a


    list n & v


    listen v


    literature n


    literary a


    litre(Am liter) n


    litter v


    little(less,least) a


    live v & a


    lively a


    load n


    loaf n


    local a


    lock n & v


    lonely a


    long a & ad


    look n & v


    loose a


    lorry n


    lose(lost,lost) v


    loss n


    lot n


    loud a


    lounge n


    love n & v


    lovely a


    low a & ad


    luck n


    lucky a


    luggage n


    lunch n


    lung n


    M


    machine n


    mad a


    madam/madame n


    magazine n


    magic a


    maid n


    mail n & v


    mailbox n


    main a


    mainland n


    major a


    majority n


    make 1 n


    make 2 (made,made) v


    male a & n


    man(pl men) n


    manage v


    manager n


    mankind n


    manner n


    many(more,most) pron & a


    map n


    maple n


    marathon n


    marble n


    march n & v


    mark n & v


    market n


    marriage n


    marry v


    mask n & v


    mass n


    master v & n


    mat n


    match v & n


    material n


    mathematics


    =math/maths n


    matter n & v


    mature a


    maximum a & n


    may modal v


    maybe ad


    me pron


    meal n


    mean(meant,meant) v


    meaning n


    means n


    meanwhile ad


    measure v


    meat n


    medal n


    media n


    medical a


    medicine n


    medium n


    meet(met,met) v & n


    meeting n


    melon n


    member n


    memorial n & a


    memory n


    mend v


    mental a


    mention n & v


    menu n


    merchant a & n


    merciful a


    mercy n


    merely ad


    merry a


    mess n


    message n


    messy a


    metal n & a


    method n


    metre(Am meter) n


    microscope n


    microwave n


    middle n


    midnight n


    might modal v


    mild a


    mile n


    milk n & v


    millimetre


    (Am millimeter) n


    millionaire n


    mind n & v


    mine 1 n & v


    mine 2 pron


    mineral n


    minibus n


    minimum a


    minister n


    ministry n


    minority n


    minus prep & a


    minute n


    mirror n


    miss 1 n


    miss 2 v


    missile n


    mist n


    mistake


    (mistook,mistaken) v & n


    mistaken a


    misunderstand


    (misunderstood,misunderstood) v


    mix v


    mixture n


    mobile a


    model n


    modem n


    modern a


    modest a


    mom=mum n


    moment n


    mommy=mummy n


    money n


    monitor n


    monkey n


    month n


    monument n


    moon n


    mop n & v


    moral a & n


    more(much,many) a,ad & n


    morning n


    Moslem n


    mosquito n


    most a & ad


    mother n


    motherland n


    motivation n


    motor n


    motorcycle n


    motto n


    mountain n


    mountainous a


    mourn v


    mouse(pl mice) n


    moustache n


    mouth n


    move v


    movement n


    movie n


    Mr.(mister) n


    Mrs.(mistress) n


    Ms. n


    much a & ad


    mud n


    muddy a


    multiply v


    murder v


    museum n


    mushroom n


    music n


    musical a & n


    musician n


    must modal v


    mustard n


    mutton n


    my pron


    myself pron


    N


    nail n


    name n & v


    narrow a


    nation n


    national a


    nationality n


    nationwide ad


    native a


    natural a


    nature n


    navy n


    near a,ad & prep


    nearby a


    nearly ad


    neat a


    necessary a


    neck n


    necklace n


    need n & modal v


    needle n


    negotiate v


    neighbour(Am neighbor) n


    neighbourhood


    (Am neighborhood) n


    neither a


    nephew n


    nervous a


    nest n


    net n


    network n


    never ad


    new a


    news n


    newspaper n


    next a & ad


    nice a


    niece n


    night n


    no ad & a


    No.=number n


    noble a


    nobody n & pron


    nod v


    noise n


    noisy a


    none pron


    noodle n


    noon n


    nor conj


    normal n & a


    north a,ad & n


    northeast n


    northern a


    northwest n


    nose n


    not ad


    note n & v


    notebook n


    nothing pron,n & a


    notice n & v


    novel n


    novelist n


    now ad


    nowadays ad


    nowhere ad


    nuclear a


    numb a


    number n


    nurse n


    nursery n


    nut n


    nutrition n


    O


    obey v


    object n


    observe v


    obtain v


    obvious a


    occupation n


    occupy v


    occur v


    ocean n


    Oceania n


    o’clock n


    of prep


    off prep & ad


    offence n


    offer n & v


    office n


    officer n


    official n & a


    offshore a


    often ad


    oh int


    oil n & v


    oilfield n


    O.K. ad


    old a


    Olympic(s) a & n


    on prep & ad


    once n,ad & conj


    one pron


    oneself pron


    onion n


    only a & ad


    onto prep


    open a & v


    opening n


    opera n


    operate v


    operation n


    operator n


    opinion n


    oppose v


    opposite n & a


    optimistic a


    optional a


    or conj


    oral a


    orange n & a


    orbit n


    order n & v


    ordinary a


    organ n


    organise(Am organize) v


    organisation


    (Am organization) n


    origin n


    other pron & a


    otherwise ad


    ought modal v


    our pron


    ours pron


    ourselves pron


    out ad


    outcome n


    outdoors ad


    outer a


    outgoing a


    outing n


    outline n


    output n


    outside n,ad & prep


    outspoken a


    outstanding a


    outward(s) ad


    oval n & ad


    over prep & ad


    overcoat n


    overcome v


    overhead a


    overlook v


    overweight a


    owe v


    own a & v


    owner n


    ownership n


    ox(pl oxen) n


    oxygen n


    P


    pace n


    Pacific a


    pack n & v


    package n


    packet n


    paddle n


    page n


    pain n


    painful a


    paint n & v


    painter n


    painting n


    pair n


    palace n


    pale a


    pan n


    pancake n


    panda n


    panic a & v


    paper n


    paperwork n


    paragraph n


    parallel a & n


    parcel n


    pardon n


    parent n


    park 1 n


    park 2 v


    parking n


    parrot n


    part n,a & v


    participate v


    particular a


    partly ad


    partner n


    part-time a & ad


    party n


    pass v


    passage n


    passenger n


    passer-by n


    passive a


    passport n


    past ad,n & prep


    patent n


    path n


    patience n


    patient 1 n


    patient 2 a


    pattern n


    pause n & v


    pavement n


    pay(paid,paid) v & n


    P.C.=personal computer n


    P.E.=physical education n


    pea n


    peace n


    peaceful a


    peach n


    pear n


    pedestrian n


    pen n


    pence n


    pencil n


    penny n


    pension n


    people n


    pepper n


    per prep


    percent n


    percentage n


    perfect a


    perform v


    performance n


    performer n


    perfume n


    perhaps ad


    period n


    permanent a


    permission n


    permit v & n


    person n


    personal a


    personnel n


    personally ad


    persuade v


    pest n


    pet n


    petrol n


    phenomenon


    (pl phenomena) n


    phone = telephone n & v


    photo = photograph n


    photograph n


    photographer n


    phrase n


    physical a


    physician n


    physicist n


    physics n


    pianist n


    piano n


    pick v


    picnic n & v


    picture n


    pie n


    piece n


    pig n


    pile n


    pill n


    pillow n


    pilot n


    pin n & v


    pine n


    pineapple n


    ping-pong n


    pink a & n


    pint n


    pioneer n


    pipe n


    pity n


    place n & v


    plain a


    plan n & v


    plane n


    planet n


    plant v & n


    plastic a


    plate n


    platform n


    play v & n


    playground n


    pleasant a


    please v


    pleased a


    pleasure n


    plenty n


    plot v & n


    plug n


    plus v & prep


    p.m./pm,P.M./PM abbr


    pocket n


    poem n


    poet n


    point v & n


    poison n


    poisonous a


    pole n


    police n


    policeman/woman


    (pl policemen/policewomen) n


    policy n


    polish v


    polite a


    political a


    politician n


    politics n


    pollute v


    pollution n


    pond n


    pool n


    poor a


    pop = popular a


    popcorn n


    popular a


    population n


    pork n


    porridge n


    port n


    portable a


    porter n


    position n


    positive a


    possess v


    possession n


    possibility n


    possible a


    post 1 n


    post 2 v & n


    postage n


    postcard n


    postcode n


    poster n


    postman(pl postmen) n


    postpone v


    pot n


    potato n


    potential a


    pound n


    pour v


    powder n


    power n


    powerful a


    practical a


    practice n & v


    practise(Am practice) v


    praise n & v


    pray v


    prayer n


    precious a


    precise a


    predict v


    prefer v


    preference n


    pregnant a


    prejudice n


    premier n


    preparation n


    prepare v


    prescription n


    present 1 a & v


    present 2 n


    presentation n


    preserve v


    president n


    press 1 v


    press 2 n


    pressure n


    pretend v


    pretty a


    prevent v


    preview v


    previous a


    price n


    pride n


    primary a


    primitive a


    principle n


    print v


    prison n


    prisoner n


    private a


    privilege n


    prize n


    probably ad


    problem n


    procedure n


    process n & v


    produce v


    product n


    production n


    profession n


    professor n


    profit n


    programme(Am program) n


    progress n & v


    prohibit v


    project n


    promise n & v


    promote v


    pronounce v


    pronunciation n


    proper a


    properly ad


    protect v


    protection n


    proud a


    prove v


    provide v


    province n


    psychology n


    pub n


    public a & n


    publish v


    pull v & n


    pulse n


    pump v


    punctual a


    punctuation n


    punish v


    punishment n


    pupil n


    purchase v


    pure a


    purple n & a


    purpose n


    purse n


    push n & v


    put(put,put) v


    puzzle n


    pyramid n


    Q


    quake n & v


    qualification n


    quality n


    quantity n


    quarrel v & n


    quarter n


    queen n


    question v & n


    questionnaire n


    queue n & v


    quick a & ad


    quiet a


    quilt n


    quit v


    quite ad


    quiz n


    R


    rabbit n


    race v & n


    racial a


    radiation n


    radio n


    radioactive a


    radium n


    rag n


    rail n


    railway n


    rain n & v


    rainbow n


    raincoat n


    rainfall n


    rainy a


    raise v


    random a


    range n & v


    rank n


    rapid a


    rare a


    rat n


    rate n & v


    rather ad


    raw a


    ray n


    razor n


    reach v


    react v


    read(read,read) v


    reading n


    ready a


    real a


    realise(Am realize) v


    reality n


    really ad


    reason v & n


    reasonable a


    rebuild(rebuilt,rebuilt) v


    receipt n


    receive v


    receiver n


    recent a


    reception n


    receptionist n


    recipe n


    recite v


    recognize(Am recognize) v


    recommend v


    record n & v


    recorder n


    recover v


    recreation n


    rectangle n & a


    recycle v


    red n & a


    reduce v


    refer v


    referee n


    reference n


    reflect v


    reform v & n


    refresh v


    refrigerator n


    refuse v


    regard v & n


    regardless a


    register n & v


    regret n & v


    regular a


    regulation n


    reject v


    relate v


    relation n


    relationship n


    relative n


    relax v


    relay n & v


    relevant a


    reliable a


    relief n


    religion n


    religious a


    rely v


    remain v


    remark n


    remember v


    remind v


    remote a


    remove v


    rent n & v


    repair n & v


    repeat v


    replace v


    reply n & v


    report n & v


    reporter n


    represent v


    representative n


    republic n


    reputation n


    request n


    require v


    requirement n


    rescue v


    research n


    resemble v


    reservation n


    reserve n & v


    resign v


    resist v


    respect v & n


    respond v


    responsibility n


    rest n & v


    restaurant n


    restriction n


    result n


    retell v


    retire v


    return v


    review v & n


    revision n


    revolution n


    reward n


    rewind v


    rhyme n & v


    rice n


    rich a


    rid(rid,rid


    或 ridded,ridded) v


    riddle n


    ridiculous a


    ride(rode,ridden) v & n


    right n,a & ad


    rigid a


    ring(rang,rung) v & n


    ripe a


    ripen v


    rise(rose,risen) v


    risk n & v


    river n


    road n


    roast v


    rob v


    robot n


    rock n


    rocket n


    role n


    roll v & n


    roof n


    room n


    rooster n


    root n


    rope n


    rose n


    rot v


    rough a


    round ad,prep & a


    roundabout a & n


    routine n


    row n & v


    royal a


    rubber n


    rubbish n


    rude a


    rugby n


    ruin v & n


    rule n & v


    ruler n


    run(ran,run) v


    rush v


    S


    sacred a


    sacrifice v


    sad a


    sadness n


    safe a


    safety n


    sail n & v


    sailor n


    salad n


    salary n


    sale n


    salesgirl n


    salesman/woman


    (pl salesmen/women) n


    salt n


    salty a


    salute n & v


    same n & a


    sand n


    sandwich n


    satellite n


    satisfaction n


    satisfy v


    saucer n


    sausage n


    save v


    say(said,said) v


    saying n


    scan v


    scar n


    scare v


    scarf n


    scene n


    scenery n


    sceptical(Am skeptical) a


    schedule n & v


    scholar n


    scholarship n


    school n


    schoolbag n


    schoolboy/girl n


    schoolmate n


    science n


    scientific a


    scientist n


    scissors n


    scold v


    score n & v


    scratch v & n


    scream n


    screen n


    sculpture n


    sea n


    seagull n


    seal n


    search n & v


    seashell n


    seaside n


    season n


    seat n


    seaweed n


    second a & n


    secret a & n


    secretary n


    section n


    secure a


    security n


    see(saw,seen) v


    seed n


    seek v


    seem v


    seize v


    seldom ad


    select v


    self n


    selfish a


    sell(sold,sold) v


    semicircle n


    seminar n


    send(sent,sent) v


    senior a & n


    sense n


    sensitive a


    sentence n


    separate v & a


    separation n


    serious a


    servant n


    serve v


    service n


    session n


    set(set,set) v & n


    settle v


    settlement n


    settler n


    several pron & a


    severe a


    sew(sewed,sewn/sewed) v


    sex n


    shabby a


    shade n


    shadow n


    shake(shook,shaken) v


    shall modal v


    shallow a


    shame n


    shape n & v


    share v


    shark n


    sharp a


    sharpen v


    sharpener n


    shave


    (shaved,shaved/shaven) v


    shaver n


    she pron


    sheep(pl sheep) n


    sheet n


    shelf(pl shelves) n


    shelter n


    shine(shone,shone) v


    ship n & v


    shirt n


    shock v


    shoe n


    shoot(shot,shot) v & n


    shop v & n


    shopkeeper n


    shopping n


    shore n


    short a


    shortcoming n


    shortly ad


    shorts n


    shot n


    should modal v


    shoulder n


    shout n & v


    show


    (showed,shown/showed) v & n


    shower n


    shrink(shrank,shrunk


    或 shrunk,shrunken) v


    shut(shut,shut) v


    shuttle n


    shy a


    sick a


    sickness n


    side n


    sideroad(Am sidewalk) n


    sideways ad


    sigh v & n


    sight n


    sightseeing n


    signal n


    signature n


    significance n


    silence n


    silent a


    silk n


    silly a


    silver n


    similar a


    simple a


    simplify v


    since ad,conj & prep


    sincerely ad


    sing(sang,sung) v


    single a


    sink(sank,sunk) v & n


    sir n


    sister n


    sit(sat,sat) v


    situation n


    size n


    skate v


    skateboard n


    ski n & v


    skilful a


    skill n


    skin n


    skip v


    skirt n


    sky n


    skyscraper n


    slave n


    slavery n


    sleep 1 n


    sleep 2 (slept,slept) v


    sleepy a


    sleeve n


    slice n


    slide n & v


    slight a


    slim a


    slip n


    slow ad


    small a


    smart a


    smell(smelt,smelt


    或-ed,-ed) v & n


    smile n & v


    smog n


    smoke n & v


    smoker n


    smooth a


    snake n


    sneaker n


    sneeze v


    sniff v


    snow n & v


    snowy a


    so ad & conj


    soap n


    sob n & v


    soccer n


    social a


    socialism n


    socialist a


    society n


    sock n


    socket n


    sofa n


    soft a


    software n


    soil n


    solar a


    soldier n


    solid a & n


    some a & pron


    somebody pron


    somehow ad


    someone pron


    something pron


    sometimes ad


    somewhere ad


    son n


    song n


    soon ad


    sorrow n


    sorry a


    sort v & n


    soul n


    sound v & n


    soup n


    sour a


    south a,ad & n


    southeast n


    southern a


    southwest n


    souvenir n


    sow(sowed,sown/-ed) v


    space n


    spaceship n


    spade n


    spare a


    sparrow n


    speak(spoke,spoken) v


    speaker n


    spear n


    special a


    specialist n


    specific a


    speech n


    speed n & v


    spell v


    spelling n


    spend(spent,spent) v


    spin v & n


    spirit n


    spiritual a


    spit v


    splendid a


    split v


    spoken a


    spokesman/woman


    (pl spokesmen/women) n


    sponsor n


    spoon n


    spoonful n


    sport n


    spot n & v


    spray n & v


    spread(spread,spread) v


    spring n


    spy n & v


    square n & a


    squeeze v


    squirrel n


    stable a


    stadium n


    staff n


    stage n


    stain n


    stainless a


    stair n


    stamp n


    stand(stood,stood) v & n


    standard n & a


    star n


    stare v


    start v


    starvation n


    starve v


    state n


    station n


    statement n


    statesman/woman


    (pl statesmen/women) n


    statistics n


    statue n


    status n


    stay n & v


    steady a


    steak n


    steal(stole,stolen) v


    steam n


    steel n


    steep a


    step n & v


    steward n


    stewardess n


    stick(stuck,stuck) v & n


    still a & ad


    stocking n


    stomach n


    stone n


    stop n & v


    storage n


    store n & v


    storm n


    story n


    stout a


    stove n


    straight a & ad


    straightforward a & adv


    strait n


    strange a


    stranger n


    straw n


    strawberry n


    stream n


    street n


    strength n


    strengthen v


    stress n & v


    strict a


    strike


    (struck,struck /stricken) v & n


    string n


    strong a


    struggle v


    stubborn a


    student n


    studio n


    study v & n


    stupid a


    style n


    subject n


    subjective a


    submit v


    subscribe v


    substitute v


    succeed v


    success n


    successful a


    such ad,pron & a


    suck v


    sudden a


    suffer v


    suffering n


    sugar n


    suggest v


    suggestion n


    suit v & n


    suitable a


    suitcase n


    suite n


    summary n


    summer n


    sun n


    sunburnt a


    sunlight n


    sunny a


    sunshine n


    super a


    superb a


    superior a & n


    supermarket n


    supper n


    supply v & n


    support v & n


    suppose v


    supreme a


    sure a & ad


    surface n


    surgeon n


    surplus n


    surprise v & n


    surround v


    surrounding a


    survive v


    survival n


    suspect v & n


    suspension n


    swallow v


    swap v


    swear(swore,sworn) v


    sweat n


    sweater n


    sweep(swept,swept) v


    sweet n & a


    swell(swelled,swollen) v


    swift a


    swim(swam,swum) v


    swing v & n


    switch v & n


    sword n


    symbol n


    sympathy n


    symphony n


    symptom n


    system n


    systematic a


    T


    table n


    table tennis n


    tablet n


    tail n


    tailor n


    take(took,taken) v


    tale n


    talent n


    talk n & v


    tall a


    tank n


    tap n


    tape n


    target n & v


    task n


    taste n & v


    tasteless a


    tasty a


    tax n


    taxi n


    taxpayer n


    tea n


    teach(taught,taught) v


    teacher n


    team n


    teamwork n


    teapot n


    tear(tore,torn) v & n


    tease v


    technical a


    technique n


    technology n


    teenager n


    telephone n & v


    telescope n


    television n


    tell(told,told) v


    temperature n


    temple n


    temporary a


    tend v


    tendency n


    tennis n


    tense a


    tension n


    tent n


    tentative a


    term n


    terminal a & n


    terrible a


    terrify v


    terror n


    test v & n


    text n


    textbook n


    than conj


    thank v & n


    thankful a


    that pron,conj & ad


    the art


    theatre(Am theater) n


    theft n


    their pron


    theirs pron


    them pron


    theme n


    themselves pron


    then ad


    theoretical a


    theory n


    there int,n & ad


    therefore ad


    thermos n


    these a & pron


    they pron


    thick a


    thief(pl thieves) n


    thin a


    thing n


    think(thought,thought) v


    thinking n


    thirst n


    this a & pron


    thorough a


    those a & pron


    though conj


    thought n


    thread n


    thrill n & v


    thriller n


    throat n


    through prep & ad


    throughout prep


    throw(threw,thrown) v


    thunder n & v


    thunderstorm n


    thus ad


    tick v


    ticket n


    tidy a & v


    tie v & n


    tiger n


    tight a


    till conj & prep


    time n & v


    timetable n


    tin n


    tiny a


    tip n & v


    tire v


    tired a


    tiresome a


    tissue n


    title n


    to prep


    toast v & n


    tobacco n


    today ad & n


    together ad


    toilet n


    tolerate v


    tomato n


    tomb n


    tomorrow ad & n


    ton n


    tongue n


    tonight ad & n


    too ad


    tool n


    tooth(pl teeth) n


    toothache n


    toothbrush n


    toothpaste n


    top n


    topic n


    tortoise n


    total a,n & v


    touch v


    tough a


    tour n


    tourism n


    tourist n


    tournament n


    toward(s) prep


    towel n


    tower n


    town n


    toy n


    track n


    tractor n


    trade n & v


    tradition n


    traditional a


    traffic n


    train n & v


    training n


    tram n


    transform v


    translate v


    translation n


    translator n


    transparent a


    transport n & v


    trap n & v


    travel n & v


    traveller(Am traveler) n


    treasure n


    treat v


    treatment n


    tree n


    tremble v


    trend n


    trial n


    triangle n


    trick n


    trip n


    trolleybus n


    troop n


    trouble v & n


    troublesome a


    trousers n


    truck n


    true a


    truly ad


    trunk n


    trust v


    truth n


    try v


    T-shirt n


    tube n


    tune n


    turkey n


    turn v & n


    turning n


    tutor n


    TV=television n


    twice ad


    twin n


    twist v & n


    type v


    typewriter n


    typical a


    typhoon n


    typist n


    tyre(Am tire) n


    U


    ugly a


    umbrella n


    unable a


    unbearable a


    unbelievable a


    uncertain a


    uncle n


    uncomfortable a


    unconditional a


    unconscious a


    under ad & prep


    underground a & n


    underline v


    understand


    (understood,understood) v


    undertake


    (undertook,undertaken) v


    underwear n


    unemployment n


    unfair a


    unfit a


    unfortunate a


    uniform n


    union n


    unique a


    unit n


    unite v


    universal a


    universe n


    university n


    unless conj


    unlike prep


    unrest n


    until prep & conj


    unusual a


    unwilling a


    up ad,a,n & prep


    update v & n


    upon prep


    upper a


    upset a


    upstairs ad


    upward(s) ad


    urban a


    urge v


    urgent a


    us pron


    use n & v


    used a


    useful a


    useless a


    user n


    usual a


    V


    vacation n


    vacant a


    vague a


    vain n


    valid a


    valley n


    valuable a


    value n


    variety n


    various a


    vase n


    vast a


    VCD=versatile compact disk n


    vegetable n


    vehicle n


    version n


    vertical a


    very ad


    vest n


    via prep


    vice n


    victim n


    victory n


    video n


    videophone n


    view n


    village n


    villager n


    vinegar n


    violate v


    violence n


    violent a


    violin n


    violinist n


    virtue n


    virus n


    visa n


    visit n & v


    visitor n


    visual a


    vital a


    vivid a


    vocabulary n


    voice n


    volcano n


    volleyball n


    voluntary a


    volunteer n & v


    vote v


    voyage n


    W


    wag v


    wage n


    waist n


    wait v


    waiter n


    waiting-room n


    waitress n


    wake(woke,woken) v


    walk n & v


    wall n


    wallet n


    walnut n


    wander v


    want v


    war n


    ward n


    warehouse n


    warm a


    warmth n


    warn v


    wash v & n


    washroom n


    waste n & v


    watch v & n


    water n & v


    watermelon n


    wave n & v


    wax n


    way n


    we pron


    web n


    website n


    weak a


    weakness n


    wealth n


    wealthy a


    wear(wore,worn) v


    weather n


    wedding n


    weed n


    week n


    weekday n


    weekend n


    weekly a


    weep v


    weigh v


    weight n


    welcome int,n,v & a


    welfare n


    well 1 n


    well 2 (better,best) ad,a & int


    west a,ad & n


    western a


    westward(s) ad


    wet a


    whale n


    what pron & a


    whatever conj & pron


    wheat n


    wheel n


    when conj & ad


    whenever conj


    where conj & ad


    wherever conj


    whether conj


    which pron & a


    whichever pron


    while conj & n


    whisper v


    whistle n


    white a & n


    who pron


    whole a


    whom pron


    whose pron


    why ad & int


    wide a


    widespread a


    widow n


    wife n


    wild a


    wildlife n


    will 1 n


    will 2 (would) modal v


    willing a


    win(won,won) v


    wind 1 n


    wind 2 (wound,wound) v


    window n


    windy a


    wine n


    wing n


    winner n


    winter n


    wipe v


    wire n


    wisdom n


    wise a


    wish n & v


    with prep


    withdraw v


    within prep


    without prep


    witness v & n


    wolf(pl wolves) n


    woman(pl women) n


    wonder v & n


    wonderful a


    wood n


    wool n


    woollen(Am woolen) a


    word n


    work n & v


    worker n


    world n


    worldwide a


    worm n


    worn a


    worried a


    worry n & v


    worth a


    worthwhile a


    worthy a


    would modal v


    wound v & n


    wrestle v


    wrinkle n


    wrist n


    write(wrote,written) v


    wrong a


    X


    X-ray n


    Y


    yard n


    yawn v


    year n


    yell v


    yellow a & n


    yes ad


    yesterday n & ad


    yet ad


    yoghurt n


    you pron


    young a


    your pron


    yours pron


    yourself(pl yourselves) pron


    youth n


    yummy a


    Z


    zebra n


    zero n & num


    zip v & n


    zipper n


    zone n


    zoo n


    zoom v


    数词


    基数词 序数词


    one 1 st first


    two 2 nd second


    three 3 rd third


    four 4 th fourth


    five 5 th fifth


    six 6 th sixth


    seven 7 th seventh


    eight 8 th eighth


    nine 9 th ninth


    ten 10 th tenth


    eleven 11 th eleventh


    twelve 12 th twelfth


    thirteen 13 th thirteenth


    fourteen 14 th fourteenth


    fifteen 15 th fifteenth


    sixteen 16 th sixteenth


    seventeen 17 th seventeenth


    eighteen 18 th eighteenth


    nineteen 19 th nineteenth


    twenty 20 th twentieth


    twenty-one 21 st twenty-first


    twenty-two 22 nd twenty-second


    twenty-three 23 rd twenty-third


    thirty 30 th thirtieth


    forty 40 th fortieth


    fifty 50 th fiftieth


    sixty 60 th sixtieth


    seventy 70 th seventieth


    eighty 80 th eightieth


    ninety 90 th ninetieth


    one hundred 100 th one hundredth


    one hundred(and) one 101 st one hundred and first


    one hundred(and) two 102 nd one hundred and second


    three hundred 300 th three hundredth


    one thousand 1000 th one thousandth


    three thousand 3000 th three thousandth


    ten thousand 10000 th ten thousandth


    million 1000000 th millionth


    billion 1000000000 th billionth


    月份


    January (Jan.)


    February (Feb.)


    March (Mar.)


    April (Apr.)


    May (May)


    June (Jun.)


    July (Jul.)


    August (Aug.)


    September (Sept.)


    October (Oct.)


    November (Nov.)


    December (Dec.)


    星期


    Monday (Mon.)


    Tuesday (Tues.)


    Wednesday (Wed.)


    Thursday (Thurs.)


    Friday (Fri.)


    Saturday (Sat.)


    Sunday (Sun.)


    主要国家名称及相关信息


    国家 COUNTRY n. PERSON n.


    RELATED 


    ADJECTIVES


    阿富汗 Afghanistan Afghan Afghan


    阿尔及利亚 Algeria Algerian Algerian


    阿根廷 Argentina Argentinian Argentinian


    澳大利亚 Australia Australian Australian


    奥地利 Austria Austrian Austrian


    比利时 Belgium Belgian Belgian


    巴西 Brazil Brazilian Brazilian


    英国


    Britain/U.K.=the


    United Kingdom


    British British


    缅甸 Burma Burmese Burmese


    加拿大 Canada Canadian Canadian


    中国 China Chinese Chinese


    哥伦比亚 Colombia Colombian Colombian


    古巴 Cuba Cuban Cuban


    丹麦 Denmark Dane Danish


    埃及 Egypt Egyptian Egyptian


    芬兰 Finland Finn Finnish


    法国 France French French


    德国 Germany German German


    希腊 Greece Greek Greek


    荷兰


    Holland/


    Netherlands


    Dutch Dutch


    匈牙利 Hungary Hungarian Hungarian


    印度 India Indian Indian


    印度尼西亚 Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian


    伊朗 Iran Iranian Iranian


    伊拉克 Iraq Iraqi Iraqi


    爱尔兰 Ireland Irish Irish


    以色列 Israel Israeli Israeli


    意大利 Italy Italian Italian


    日本 Japan Japanese Japanese


    约旦 Jordan Jordanian Jordanian


    肯尼亚 Kenya Kenyan Kenyan


    朝鲜 D.P.R.Korea Korean Korean


    科威特 Kuwait Kuwaiti Kuwaiti


    黎巴嫩 Lebanon Lebanese Lebanese


    卢森堡 Luxembourg Luxembourger Luxembourgish


    马来西亚 Malaysia Malaysian Malaysian


    墨西哥 Mexico Mexican Mexican


    新西兰 New Zealand New Zealander Zelanian


    挪威 Norway Norwegian Norwegian


    巴基斯坦 Pakistan Pakistani Pakistani


    巴拿马 Panama Panamanian Panamanian


    菲律宾 Philippines Filipino Philippine


    波兰 Poland Polish Polish


    葡萄牙 Portugal Portuguese Portuguese


    俄罗斯 Russia Russian Russian


    新加坡 Singapore Singaporean Singaporean


    南非 South Africa South African South African


    韩国 South Korea Korean Korean


    西班牙 Spain Spanish Spanish


    瑞典 Sweden Swedish Swedish


    瑞士 Switzerland Swiss Swiss


    泰国 Thailand Thai Thai


    土耳其 Turkey Turk Turkish


    美国 U.S.A. American American


    越南 Vietnam Vietnamese Vietnamese

     

     


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